Challenging sports that will test your strength

climbers, climbing, climbing equipments, climbing tools, Rock climbing -

Challenging sports that will test your strength

Climbing is a sport that all ages and abilities will find fun, challenging, and exciting.

This video will tell you about how to jump into the exciting sport of indoor rock climbing activity.

Rock Climbing

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Rock climbing is an activity in which participants climb up, down or across natural rock formations or artificial rock walls. The goal is to reach the summit of a formation or the endpoint of a pre-defined route without falling. Rock climbing is a physically and mentally demanding sport, one that often tests a climber’s strength, endurance, agility and balance along with mind control. It can be a dangerous sport and knowledge of proper climbing techniques and usage of specialized climbing equipment is crucial for the safe completion of routes. Because of the wide range and variety of rock formations around the world, rock climbing has been separated into several different styles and sub-disciplines
What is indoor climbing?
Indoor climbing refers to any type of rock climbing that occurs within the confines of a building or other structure, usually on specially constructed fake rock walls. This allows climbers to climb no matter the time of day or condition of weather. Indoor climbing is often used for improving climbing skills and techniques, as well as for general exercise.
Types of Rock Climbing
Top-Roping

Top-roping is a great entry point into roped rock climbing. Falls are seldom serious because the rope always does its job of catching you (when your partner is handling it properly), minimizing the risk of injury. Traditional top-roping requires that another person assists you as you climb, the art of belaying. This extra man is responsible for feeding you rope and lowering you as you descend your route, using a friction device such as an ATC or Gri-Gri to do so. You’ll also observe in a number of recreational facilities (such as River Rock) something called an auto-belay a device that acts as an anchor at the top of the route and serves to catch you if you fall. In the end, top-roping is a great way for beginners to get used to rock-climbing, but it can also be a preferred way for veterans to learn and practice a new route.

Lead/Sport Climbing

This style of climbing is extremely versatile, offering a range of difficulties as well as a range of route-lengths. Overall, though, lead and sports climbers predominantly focus on the moves and techniques they use to get to their destination rather than the destination itself. In the lead and sports climbing, falling is expected and planned for accordingly. A climber working on a difficult route may fall dozens of times before he finally accomplishes it. The use of rope in lead and sports climbing differs slightly from top-roping, though, in that there are a number of pre-fixed anchors bolted into a wall or crag. These anchors follow the path of the pre-planned route from the beginning all the way to the end. It is the responsibility of the climber to loop her rope through carabiner systems called quickdraws attached to each of the bolted anchors as she sends the rock. Don’t forget – if you go lead or sports climbing, you’ll need a partner belaying you; meaning feed you rope, catch your fall, and lower you down.

Traditional Climbing

Where sports climbing focuses on the physical intensity of the journey itself, traditional climbing is all about the holistic experience and the mental game that accompanies these climbs. Routes sent traditionally do not have fixed anchors permanently bolted into the wall/crag. Instead, the climber is responsible for inserting protection into cracks in the rock. Attached to each protection piece is a sling and carabiner used to keep a climber secured to the wall. As you can probably imagine, traditional climbing also involves the added challenge of carrying all of this essential gear along with you as you climb. Just as with top-roping and sports climbing, though, traditional climbers need a belay partner to feed them a rope and lower them back down.

Big Wall Climbing

While not the most common form of climbing, big wall climbing is arguably the most notorious. Think… traditional climbing multiplied exponentially. Requiring ascents
of at least 1500 feet, these routes often take several days to send, forcing daring climbers to spend nights on porta-ledges hanging hundreds, if not thousands, of feet above the ground. California’s Yosemite Valley is an international mecca for this style of climbing, heralding intrepid climbers from all around the globe. Big wall climbs are not for the faint of heart – any kind of climbing, because of gravity, is dangerous in its very nature, but big wall climbs are certainly the most perilous. Of course, proper precautions can always be made to keep climbers safe – to a certain extent. In order to make all the proper precautions, however, climbers will be required to invest in proper gear (and a lot of it), making big wall climbing far more expensive than its less-intensive counterparts.

Bouldering

There are two forms of climbing that involve no rope at all, and bouldering is by far the safer and, consequently, more popular of the two (the other is free-soloing). With routes rarely more than fifteen feet high, bouldering is essentially a scaled-down version of sports climbing. That is, repeated falling is expected, and the climb is all about the moves and technique. Bouldering, aside from being relatively safe, is popular for another reason it’s far less expensive than other forms of climbing because it involves minimal gear. If you’re bouldering indoors, then all you need is proper athletic clothes, climbing shoes, and a chalk bag. Outdoors, you’ll also need some crash pads as well. In the end, though, it’s ultimately just you and the rock – no rope to help (or hinder). Also, like sports climbing, bouldering can be very competitive. Boulder problems are graded according to difficulty. Around here, you’ll most commonly see bouldering routes graded according to the V system. The grading system is subjective and usually differs from person to person, but (generally) beginners’ routes range from VB to V2, intermediate problems most often fall in the V3-V4 range, and advanced problems are V5 and above. But to give you some further perspective, the world’s best boulderers climb in the V14 and above range, problems that are each exponentially more difficult than a V5. Ultimately, each progressive grade is significantly more difficult than its predecessor, and the more difficult the grade, the longer it takes before a climber can progress to the next one. Additionally, climbing on a rugged rock outside can make a difficult route even more difficult because of the physical wear and tear it induces on your fingers.

Climbing Terms:
Aid Climbing-
climbing while adding devices to a rock face in order to assist a climber in her ascent

Anchor-
a natural or artificial structure that holds the rope used for belaying in position

Belay-
a rope setup worked by a climber’s partner to catch the climber when he falls or lower him down after he finishes his ascent

Beta-
advice (not always freely given or accepted) on how to complete a route or section of a route

Bolt-
a permanent form of protection that is drilled into a rock, to which carabiners can attach

Bump-
the act of quickly moving a hand or foot from one temporarily useful hold to another

Carabiner-
(Biner) a metal coupling link with a safety closure that can open and close, used to hold gear or as anchors for belaying

Campus-
climbing without using your legs or feet

Crimp-
a technique in which a climber presses her fingertips flat on the small surface of a hold and raises her knuckles, often also placing her thumb over the top of her index finger and partially over her middle finger

Dyno-
the act of jumping from one hold to the next, losing all contact with the rock while in mid-jump

Figure 8-
a knot used to secure a climber’s harness to the belay rope

Flag-
the act of holding the leg out to the side in order to maintain balance in a certain position on the wall

Flash-
to successfully send a route on the first attempt after having received some kind of beta

Jug-
a large, easy-to-grab hold

Match-
the act of using both hands or feet on a single hold

On-Sight-
to successfully send a route on the first attempt without having received any prior advice (beta)

Red-Point-
to complete while placing protection a route after many unsuccessful attempts

Send-
to cleanly complete a route

Sit-Start-
to begin a climb while sitting on the ground

Spot-
the act of waiting in preparedness beneath a boulderer to ease his fall

Top-Out-
the act of completing a route by ascending over the top of the structure being climbed

Traverse-
to climb in a horizontal direction